Atmospheric pressure is around us all of the time. The air you are breathing has weight, and although it doesn’t weigh a lot, there is a lot of it around. This lesson will cover atmospheric pressure and its effects.
It can be odd to think of air as having weight – after all it doesn’t feel like it! But the air is full of molecules and though extremely light, they do have weight. The more air you have above a thing, the more weight that thing will feel.
Atmospheric pressure is the weight of the atmosphere on a surface. The units for atmospheric pressure are conveniently known as atmospheres (atm) and the average pressure at sea level is set at 1 atmosphere (atm).On average, the weight of the atmosphere on a square inch is 14.7 pounds at sea level. This means if you were to extended a 1-inch column from sea level to the edge of our atmosphere, all the gases inside would weigh 14.
7 pounds. Another way to think about it is, if you put your hand out, there is more or less 175 pounds of atmosphere weighing down on it, and a standard 8.5 x 11 piece of paper has over 1300 pounds weighing down on it.So why doesn’t it crush us? Luckily we have evolved to deal with it and not notice it. In fact, we would have big problems if there wasn’t all that pressure keeping us together.
The atmospheric pressure at any given point depends on two factors:
- Altitude – the height of a thing in relation to sea level
- Temperature – the intensity of heat
As you increase altitude, the amount of atmosphere above you decreases. In other words, if you start to climb a mountain, you will gradually have fewer and fewer gas molecules above you. This will mean there is less atmospheric pressure being exerted on you every step of the way. In fact, at about 3 miles up the atmospheric pressure is only half of what it is at sea level! If you can make it up to 20 miles, there is essentially no atmospheric pressure (and you would most certainly die, but that’s beside the point).
Pressure is directly related to temperature.
As you heat up a gas, the individual atoms begin to move around more and with more energy. This increase in energy is an increase in pressure. If you reverse the process and cool down a gas, the pressure decreases as well.
Atmospheric pressure is a large component of how weather works. As air moves around the globe, pockets of high pressure and low pressure build up. The areas of high pressure will rush into areas of low pressure, causing winds as the air moves. This is what you see when you see weather maps; they commonly show high and low pressure systems.
Atmospheric pressure is the weight of the atmosphere on a surface. An atmosphere is the unit for atmospheric pressure, and sea level is set at 1 atmosphere (atm).
The atmospheric pressure at any given point depends on two factors: altitude (the height of a thing in relation to sea level) and temperature (the intensity of heat). This affects weather patterns across the world, as well as a person taking a mountain hike.