Hurricane Sandy was a tropical cyclone that

Hurricane Sandy was a tropical cyclone that affected seven countries and killed an estimated 285 people. This lesson will cover the facts about this dangerous storm from 2012.

What is a Hurricane?

Have you ever heard of Hurricane Sandy? It was a big hurricane that caused lots of damage in seven different countries, including the east coast of the United States in 2012.

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But before we get into Hurricane Sandy and the damage it caused, let’s first look at what a hurricane is.A hurricane is a big tropical storm that typically lasts over a week and contains winds that spiral between 75 and 200 miles per hour. Hurricanes form over warm ocean waters. When warm, moist air rises above the water, it is replaced with cool air. That cool air then warms and begins to rise, causing big storm clouds to form. The storm clouds begin to spin and if the water is warm enough this cycle will repeat itself.

The wind will get stronger and stronger, causing a hurricane to form.Typhoon, tropical storm, and cyclone are other names for hurricanes. Have you ever heard someone talk about the ‘eye of the storm’? Well, it’s not really an eye! The ‘eye of the storm’ is the center of the storm and it is the calmest part.A storm surge is an abnormal rise in the level of the sea along a coastline.

They are caused by hurricanes. Storm surges are very dangerous for the coastline because the flooding they cause destroys homes, businesses, and leads to many deaths.

Hurricane Sandy

Hurricane Sandy, also known as ‘Superstorm Sandy’, formed in the Caribbean Sea. On October 24, 2012, it became a category 1 hurricane (winds 74-95 miles per hour), and it made landfall in Jamaica.

The hurricane intensified into a category 2 hurricane (winds 96-110 miles per hour) as it landed in Cuba and Haiti and headed directly for the eastern coast of the United States.Many states declared a state of emergency and ordered evacuations in preparation for the storm. For a brief time period, the storm weakened but quickly returned to a category 1 hurricane. The storm hit the United States near Atlantic City, New Jersey, at 80 miles per hour and covered an estimated 1.8 million square miles.

The storm disappeared by November 1, 2012.

The path of Hurricane Sandy
Sandy Path

The Damage

The storm surge caused flooding, power outages, and a large amount of destruction.

  • Seven countries, including Jamaica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Bahamas, Canada, and the United States, were affected by Superstorm Sandy.
  • More than 8.5 billion customers lost electricity.
  • This destructive storm cost the United States tens of billions of dollars and more than 650,000 homes were lost.

  • The worst part about Hurricane Sandy was the lives that were lost. A recorded 285 people died, making it the deadliest hurricane of 2012. The majority of deaths were caused by drowning.
Hurricane Sandy caused a lot of destruction on the New Jersey coast.
Hurricane Sandy New Jersey

Lesson Summary

Hurricane Sandy was a deadly and costly hurricane.

A hurricane is a big storm that has winds between 75 and 200 miles per hour and typically lasts over a week. This storm hit seven countries, including the east coast of the U.S.

, causing lots of damage with its storm surges, abnormal rises in sea level at the coastline. Hundreds of thousands of homes were destroyed and 285 people died.


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