Lesson plans are an incredibly important part of teaching. This lesson will show you how to write a lesson plan that is standards-based, which might be required in some teaching positions. You will also read a short example standards-based lesson plan.

## Learning Objective

The first part of your lesson plan should be your learning objective. This is the key goal that you want students to reach. This learning objective should be based off of whichever standards you are using to design your lesson. For example, imagine you are teaching in a first grade classroom, and the standard you want your students to reach is the Common Core State Standard for math content 1.OA.A.1, which reads:

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Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

Your objective might read: ‘Students will be able to use addition and subtraction to solve word problems using manipulatives.’ This objective addresses what specific activity students will do and what you expect them to know by the end of the lesson.

## Standards

This is the most important section of your standards-based lesson plan. In this section, you will list every standard that you are addressing in your lesson. Depending on the requirements from your school or district, this section might either be small (in which you only have to list the number for the standard), or very long (in which you have to list every standard and what each says).

Either way, this section is not something that will be written in your own words. You are simply copying standards from the set your school or district already uses and placing them into your lesson plan.

## Activities

Besides the standards section, this section will be the bulk of your lesson. Here, you will list everything you and your students will be doing throughout the lesson. This section should be thorough, so whoever is reading your lesson knows exactly what will be happening in your classroom. When writing this section, make sure that each of your activities ties back to both your learning objective and the standards you are addressing. A more in-depth example of this will be in the lesson plan example below.

## Materials

It is important that you include materials you and your students will use during a lesson in your plan. This helps you keep yourself organized by having a clear list of things you need, and will help anyone else carry out this lesson in your absence. Again, a clearer example of this will be included in the lesson plan below.

## Assessment

The final section of your standards-based lesson plan will be how you are going to assess student knowledge. Whichever assessment type you choose, you should be aiming to measure whether students have met the standards you set out to teach. You can use a variety of assessment types, from formal (tests, quizzes, projects) to informal (discussions, questions, observations) to determine if students have met your learning objective and standards.

## Standards-Based Lesson Plan Example

This example will be for a first grade math lesson. However, the template can be applied to any subject area and grade level.

Learning Objective: Students will use their knowledge of place value and familiarity with longs and cubes to compare two 2-digit numbers using <, >, and =.

Standards: CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.1.NBT.B.3: Compare two two-digit numbers based on meanings of the tens and ones digits, recording the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, and <.

CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.1.NBT.B.2: Understand that the two digits of a two-digit number represent amounts of tens and ones.

CCSS.MATH.PRACTICE.MP5: Use appropriate tools strategically.

Activities:

1.) The teacher will begin the lesson by reminding students what they have already learned about 2-digit numbers, helping them recall that tens can be seen as a bundle of ten cubes. The teacher will also help students recall what a cube and a long represents, and how they can be used to construct 2-digit numbers.

2.) The teacher will show students two different groups of longs and cubes, both representing 2-digit numbers. The teacher will ask students which group shows more. Once students have answered, the teacher will show how students can use the symbols <, >, and = to compare two numbers.

3.) Students will practice creating and comparing 2-digit numbers by using longs and cubes. The teacher will observe and help students during this activity.

4.) Students will pair up and challenge each other by comparing two 2-digit numbers they create using longs and cubes. Students will check each other’s work to ensure they are using the appropriate comparison symbol.

5.) The teacher will pose one final comparison problem for students to answer on an exit slip.

Materials: longs, cubes, pencil, paper

Assessment: The exit slip students filled out at the end of the lesson will help determine who has mastered the skill, and who still needs more practice with comparing 2-digit numbers.